Life skills education program among high school children: An intervention study
1 MSW, Department of Social Work, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Central University of Karnataka, Kadaganchi, Kalaburgi, Karnataka
2 Head of the Department, Department of Social Work, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Central University of Karnataka, Kadaganchi, Kalaburgi, Karnataka
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Work, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Central University of Karnataka, Kadaganchi, Kalaburgi, Karnataka
Background: In the present study an attempt was made to study the efficacy of life skills education program among high school children, who were referred for academic backwardness.Methodology: Objectives of the present study were to assess the needs of referred children, impart the appropriate life skills and test the efficacy of the intervention. 15 ninth standard children consisting of 6 girls and 9 boys were referred by teachers in the school. The data was collected using life skills scale (Vrunda, 2011) and through interview method. The present study was carried out using AB Single Subject Design and the data was analyzed using non-parametric tests. Need Assessment show that the children had lack of self-awareness, Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Skills. Based on the findings, the researcher used life skills activities suggested by WHO and implemented using group work approach.
Results: Results show that out of 15 children 13 children’s parents are either illiterates or educated up to 10th standard only and have very poor parental supervision. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test shows that there is a significant difference between baseline and post intervention in the domains of Self Awareness (p<0.05), Creative Thinking (p<0.001) and Critical Thinking Skills(p<0.01).It was also observed that parental supervision and academic performance had been increased significantly. Discussion and Conclusion: Life skills are very important in each stage of life to cope with the various situations. Schools should integrate life skills into their academic activities and teachers should be trained on this. There is a need to identify children who have lack of skills in rural areas and teach them in order to make them compete with their urban counterparts.
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